All posts by Sumana Rao

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Feeling overwhelmed? Try Pratyahara

Feeling overwhelmed? Try Pratyahara

Overwork, over commitment, fast life, rejection, all those emotional attachments make us feel overwhelmed. We enjoy life when there are good things happening and if there are negative changes in life it stresses out. Most of the time our response towards stress is feeling overwhelmed. This happens without us being aware of it, unconsciously.

Is there a way we can take control of such overwhelmed feelings so that we can limit ourselves from being influenced by external factors?

Try Pratyahara! Pratyahara of yoga helps to control senses. In Sanskrit Prati means against or away and ahara means food.

Pratyahara practice helps to withdraw from senses and the world. In Patanjali’s Yoga sutra (the most ancient book of yoga), there is a description about pratyahara -means “the conscious withdrawal of energy from the senses”.  It is the bridge between internal and external yoga (mind and body).

In experimental sense during practice of certain poses including for example, shavasana, body undergoes physiological relaxation. While we get into these poses we should feel comfortable and muscles should feel relaxed. Relaxation will be accompanied by steady slow breathing and body surrenders to pose while letting go of any thoughts.

Next step is sheathing the mind or mental sheath. It means, slowly one will withdraw from the world without completely losing contact with it. In this step you feel like you are in a quiet place – like in deep forest and you hear only the sounds at distant and these distant sounds are not disturbing you mentally and physically. This state where your senses can register what is happening around you but you not reacting to it is defined as pratyahara. Pratyahara does not mean that we should discard all thoughts and possessions. It means take control of your senses and don’t be slave for outside rewards.

Yoga and Ayurveda philosophy has four types of Pratyahara

  • Karma Pratyahara means the control of our actions.
  • Indriya Pratyahara means the control of the senses.
  • Mano Pratyahara means the control of the mind.
  • Prana Pratyahara means the control of the breath.

How practicing pratyahara benefits?

It helps us to achieve inner peace – As we take control of our senses, our impulsive reaction towards situations stops and our mind will feel less overwhelmed and peaceful.

By practicing Pratyahara yoga, we will be able to keep away any external matter that takes away our focus and disturbs our inner peace. By this we will be able to create positive, peaceful impression in our mind and body. While practicing yoga asanas (poses), we will focus on present and will be able to observe our senses and reactions. Energy always flows where our mind goes. By practicing Pratyahara we can focus mind inwards, control senses and thus the tension, sense of overwhelming that we feel will go away.

How to practice Pratyahara?

Start with Shavasana. Surrender yourself to mat, focus inwards and imagine you are in a quite room. Close your eyes and allow your mind to listen to different sounds around you but don’t judge or label the sounds. By practicing this your mind will naturally focus on inside while letting go of all those judgmental thoughts and overwhelming feelings! Apply this to other simple poses by focusing inwards. With practice you will eventually will be able to take control of your senses, your reactions and achieve inner peace.

Image credit: Image by Mimislifestyle from Pixabay


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: August 3, 2022
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August - Immunization Awareness Month

August is National Immunization Awareness Month

“An immunization is the process by which a person or animal becomes protected from a disease”.

Each week of August focuses on immunization of different age groups:

  • Adults (Aug. 1-7)
  • Pregnant women (Aug. 8-14)
  • Babies and young children (Aug. 15-21)
  • Preteens and teens (Aug. 22-28)

Vaccines are the best defense we have against serious, preventable, and sometimes deadly contagious diseases. A vaccination is the injection of a killed or weakened organism that produces immunity in the body against that organism. The vast majority of the over one billion doses of vaccines manufactured worldwide each year are given to healthy babies, children and adults. Vaccines are held to the highest standard of safety. Vaccines undergo a rigorous and extensive evaluation program to determine safety and effectiveness.

Some of the commonly available vaccines used in children are listed below  (Ref: http://www.medindia.net):

  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) Vaccine: The BCG vaccine is an anti-tuberculosis vaccine. It is a live attenuated vaccine administered to babies at birth. It is injected into the skin of the outer arm. A small swelling appears around 7 to 10 days following the injection, which then ulcerates and heals leaving a scar. The immunity conferred by the BCG vaccine is not permanent and not entirely predictable. It usually lasts for 15 to 20 years.
  • Polio vaccines: There are two types of polio vaccines, the oral polio vaccine and the inactivated polio vaccine. The oral polio vaccine (OPV), also called Sabin vaccine, is a live attenuated vaccine administered as 2 drops orally usually at birth and around 6, 10 an 14 weeks, and later at 1.5 years and 5 years of age. Under the ‘Pulse Polio Immunization Program’, in an attempt to eradicate the disease, it is administered in addition, twice a year to all children less than 5 years of age. The inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), also called the Salk vaccine is an injectable vaccine that is preferred in some countries in their immunization schedules.
  • DPT vaccine/ Triple antigen: The DPT vaccine confers immunity against three deadly diseases, diphtheria, pertusis or whooping cough and tetanus. It is administered as an intramuscular injection into the thigh to all children at 6, 10, 14 weeks with a booster at 1.5 years of age. The vaccine is usually replaced with a Double antigen DT which contains diphtheria and tetanus toxoid at age 5. Tetanus vaccine is repeated at age 10 and 15 years. The DTaP vaccine, also known as DTPa or TDaP that causes fewer side effects compared to the DPT vaccine, is also available. However, its cost does not justify its widespread use. The Tdap vaccine is a form of the DPT vaccine that can be administered in individuals from 11 to 64 years of age.
  • Hepatitis B vaccine: Hepatitis B vaccine is administered as three doses at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks (along with the DPT vaccine) and at 6 months of age if the mother is known to be negative for the hepatitis B antigen HBsAg. If it is not known if the mother is positive or negative for HBsAg, an additional dose should be administered within 24 hours of birth. If the mother is positive for HBsAg and/or HBeAg, the baby is administered Hepatitis B Immune Globulin and hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of birth. Hepatitis B vaccine is included in the National Immunization Schedule of India in some districts.
  • MMR (Measles Mumps Rubella) vaccine: The MMR vaccine is administered to children over the age of 1 year, usually between 15 to 18 months. A second dose of MMR is administered any time 18 months following the first dose, usually given around 5 years of age. The MMR vaccine protects the child against measles, mumps as well as German measles. A measles only vaccine is also available, which is administered at 9 months of age.
  • Typhoid Vaccine: The typhoid vaccine provides immunity for one to three years following the injection. However, it should not be administered to children less than two years of age. An oral typhoid vaccine is also available, which is taken as three doses in the form of capsules. The oral capsules should not be administered to children less than 5 years of age.
  • Hib vaccine (Hemophilus influenza type b vaccine): The Hib vaccine protects infants and children from complications like meningitis and pneumonia caused by Hemophilus influenza virus. It is administered as 3 doses at 6, 10 and 14 weeks with a booster at 15-18 months.
  • Chicken pox vaccine/ Varicella vaccine: Chicken pox vaccine prevents the viral infection in children. It is administered as a single dose in children between the ages of 1 and 12 years. A mild form of the infection may occur following the vaccination. Since it is not a compulsory vaccine in India, it may be administered after discussion with the parents of the child.
  • Pneumococcal conjugate: The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine protects children from pneumonia, meningitis and other complications caused by Streptococcus pneumonia. The vaccine is administered as three doses at 6, 10 and 14 weeks and a booster at 15 to 18 months. Currently, it is an optional vaccine in India and is given only if the parents desire.
  • Rota virus vaccine: The rotavirus vaccine is administered in 2 to 3 doses at 4 to 8 week intervals in infants more than 6 weeks of age. It protects infants against severe diarrheal disease caused by rotavirus. It is an optional vaccine.
  • Hepatitis A vaccine: The hepatitis A vaccine protects infants against hepatitis A infection. It is an optional vaccine administered in 2 doses at 6 to 12 month intervals after 18 months of age.

For more information, please refer this link:

Reference:


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on:
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Diabetis in kids

Diet Tips For Kids With Diabetes

To manage the sugar and energy level both, kids with Type 1 or Type II diabetes need to stay on healthy diet. When we say healthy diet it means balanced diet.

The 3 essential nutrients – fats, proteins, and carbohydrates affect blood glucose level in different ways.

Fats: Fat typically does not breakdown to sugar and if it is, it will be a small amount.  However, fat does slow down digestion, and this can cause blood glucose to rise slower than it normally would. After a high-fat meal, your child’s blood glucose may be elevated up to 12 hours after the meal.

Proteins: Unless you eat more than what you need, protein does not affect blood glucose. Kids body need about 6 ounces or less protein at each meal.

Carbohydrates:  For people with diabetes, knowing the amount of carbohydrates in the food you eat is essential. All of the carbohydrates in food turn into sugar in the blood, and they get into the blood at a much quicker rate than fats and proteins. Carbohydrates enter the blood stream an hour after consumption and are usually out of the blood stream in 2 hours. This is the reason to check the blood sugar level before and after he or she eats. The ideal measurement after the meal should be within 30-50 points of the pre-meal levels. If it is not, you will need to adjust the carb content of the meal or adjust your child’s insulin dosage.

For a healthy growth, child need to follow the proper meal plan and it is parents responsibility to look into the meal planning.

Here are food groups and varieties of food recommended for kids with diabetes. When you shop for these foods, look for low -fat” or “no-fat”.  Low fat items are good. However, care should be taken as low fat does not mean no calories or low in calories. They may contain sugar for taste which adds calories for the food.

From the bread group:

  • Air popped popcorn, baked chips, breadsticks, graham crackers
  • low and no fat rolls, low-fat crackers
  • pretzels, baked chips, trail mix, vanilla wafers
  • rice cakes with fruit spread or all natural peanut butter

From the dairy foods group:

  • frozen, low-fat, no sugar added yogurt or ice cream
  • smoothies (made with non-fat yogurt, fruit, skim milk, and ice cubes)
  • Low fat: cheese, ricotta, milk, yogurt and string cheese.

From the fruits and vegetables group:

  • banana slices, melon balls, oranges and tangerine sections, apple wedges, peach or pear slices, raisins or yogurt covered raisins, strawberry slices, papaya, unsweetened fruit juices.
  • baby carrots or carrot sticks, celery sticks stuffed with low-fat cream cheese or natural peanut butter, cherry tomatoes, cucumber slices, tomato and vegetables juices

Snack planning for children with diabetes:

1. Let children snack mid morning and mid afternoon. The proper time for snacking is not before the meal.

2. Introduce variety of snacks for children – they should feel happy about the varieties of snacks.

3. Make a special lunch box for younger children who go to school. Be creative about food, learn newer recipes and let lunch be interesting.

4. Use peanut butter, low-fat sour cream, and low-fat cream cheese as dips for fruits and cut vegetables. etc.

5. Do not give old and stale foods to children. For children under three do not give nuts, raisins, popcorns, vegetables and whole fruits. They may choke on these foods.

6. Give choices of comparable snacks when you suggest food: ice cream or yogurt, papaya or apple, strawberry or apple rather than breadstick or tomato.

7. Learn about serving size for diabetic children and give children proper amount of food.

8. If you come across new recipe for diabetic kid, confirm the nutrition value. If it is suitable for your child, try the new item. Do not give up if the child does not eat. Introduce again in small amount and slowly increase the quantity.

9. Adults should snack on healthy snacks too. When children with juvenile diabetes watch this, they will learn to eat healthy foods.

10. Children need fat and cholesterol for their growth. Instead of restricting and cutting down totally on fat and cholesterol go for low fat dairy products.

11. Understand the appropriate and age related food groups. Children’s need for food will change with their age in terms of quantity and food groups as well.

Resources:

  • http://kidshealth.org/
  • http://www.childrenwithdiabetes.com/
  • https://medlineplus.gov
  • https://www.endocrineweb.com

Image credit: Photo by Kelly Sikkema on Unsplash (Free for commercial use)


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: August 2, 2022
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Tips to clean comb and hair brush

How to clean hair brush and comb

If you love your hair so much, then you must care about your hair brush too. Reason is, a dirty hair brush can only damage your hair and it results in hair fall and dandruff. After washing hair, if you use same dirty brush then how your hair remains clean?!

A dirty hair brush and comb are sources of dead skin- dandruff, sweat, dirt and old oil. None of these particles will favor your hair growth. For hair health it is better to give attention and take some time to clean hair brushes and it should not take more than 10 minutes of your time.

If you are not used to clean hair brushes, you will notice big difference of using a clean brush to comb the hair. The impact of practicing hygiene always yields positive results.

How to clean hair brushes and combs?

  1. Remove old hair: Always clean your hair tools in bathroom. Remove all hair stuck in hair brush or comb using fingers or toothpick. If you are having hard time to remove entangled hair in bristles, use a fine scissor and cut hair or run water over the brush to soften the hair and process will become easy
  2. Dampen brush using shampoo: Pour little shampoo on brush or comb, rub the shampoo all over the surface
  3. Soak brush: Fill a water mug or vessel or sink with warm water. Add little shampoo and detergent in water and mix well. Soak / immerse the brushes in this water mix. Wait for some time till the dirt and hair get dampened. Do not immerse cushioned brushes as water can enter in the vent hole causing erode in the cushion. Similarly, wood handle brushes also might absorb water and wood can become brittle. In such cases just soak brushes in the water mix, do not immerse. Baby shampoos are mild and contain less harsh chemicals are best for hair brush cleaning.  
  4. Remove dirt and debris: Using a new toothbrush or toothpick clean between the bristles and remove debris. In between run water on the brush and you will be surprised to see the amount of dirt that washes away from brush. Continue cleaning till all dirt washes off from brush and comb. After removing the dirt, hold brush under running warm water.
  5. Remove water and dry brush: After removing dirt, using a clean towel dry the brush. Place brush on a clean holder where there is no dirt or dust particles. Let brush dry further in the air.

How often you should clean hair brush? In a month two or three times clean the brush. If you have longer hair you might need to clean the brush three to four times in a month or every week.

Cleaning hair tools will keep hair healthy and beautiful!

Image credit: Image by Debbie Miller from Pixabay 


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: August 1, 2022
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World breastfeeding week

WHO Empower parents, enable breastfeeding

Statement from WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus and UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore

World Breastfeeding Week message: Becoming the parent of a new baby is both a life-altering gift and an immense responsibility. This week, as countries around the world celebrate World Breastfeeding Week, UNICEF and WHO are calling on governments and all employers to adopt family-friendly policies that support breastfeeding.

The theme of this year’s World Breastfeeding Week is “Empower Parents, Enable Breastfeeding.” 

Family-friendly policies – such as paid parental leave – enable breastfeeding and help parents nurture and bond with their children in early life, when it matters most. The evidence is clear that during early childhood, the optimal nutrition provided by breastfeeding, along with nurturing care and stimulation, can strengthen children’s brain development with impacts that endure over a lifetime.

Family-friendly policies are particularly important for working parents. Mothers need time off from work to recover from birth and get breastfeeding off to a successful start. When a breastfeeding mother returns to work, her ability to continue breastfeeding depends on having access to breastfeeding breaks; a safe, private, and hygienic space for expressing and storing breastmilk; and affordable childcare at or near her workplace.

Time off work is also important for fathers: Paid paternity leave allows fathers to bond with their babies and promotes gender-equality, including through the sharing of childrearing and household responsibilities.

Returning to work too soon is a barrier to the early initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months and continued breastfeeding until age 2 or longer – practices that can boost children’s immune systems, shield them from disease, and provide protection from noncommunicable diseases later in life.  Breastfeeding also protects maternal health — women who breastfeed reduce their risk of breast and ovarian cancers.

In addition to their impact on children, family-friendly policies support women’s participation in the workforce, improve their physical and mental health,and enhance family well-being. They also advance business objectives and strengthen the economy. Such policies have been shown to increase employee retention, improve job satisfaction, and result in fewer absences. In short, family-friendly policies are good for families, babies and business.

As the world marks World Breastfeeding Week, WHO and UNICEF call on governments and all employers to adopt family-friendly policies – including paid maternity leave for a minimum of 18 weeks, and preferably, for a period of six months – as well as paid paternity leave.

In line with the policy actions advocated by the WHO-UNICEF-led Global Breastfeeding Collective, we also call for greater investments in comprehensive breastfeeding programmes, improved breastfeeding counselling and support for women in health facilities and the community, and an end to the promotion of breast-milk substitutes to enable parents to make informed decisions on the best way to feed their infants. 

Together, with the support of governments, employers and communities, we have the power to enable breastfeeding and support families in fostering a nurturing environment where all children thrive.

Letter published in: https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/world-breastfeeding-week-2019-message

Image credit: Image by pasja1000 from Pixabay (Free CC0)


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: July 27, 2022
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Feathered Peacock Pose

Feathered Peacock Pose

Feathered peacock pose is a challenging intermediate / advanced pose that needs several practice session to get into the pose properly. Those who suffer from shoulder, neck and chest pain must be careful and seek advice before learning or practicing this pose. This beautiful pose improves sense of balance, strengthens the arms, back and shoulders. It gives flexibility to abdomen, stretches shoulder, chest, belly and neck. This pose is recommended for those who has struggle in focusing and want to get relief from stress and milder depression. It calms the mind and gives sense of achievement and improves confidence in oneself – Healthy Life

LEVEL :Intermediate

Anatomy :Arms, Back, Chest, Shoulders

Pose Type :Arm Balance, Inversion

Sanskrit :Pincha Mayurasana (pin-chah my-yur-AHS-anna) pincha = feather / mayura = peacock

BENEFITS

  • Strengthens the shoulders, arms, core, and back
  • Stretches the chest and shoulders
  • Improves balance
  • Calms the mind
  • Relieves mild depression

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • Pregnancy
  • High blood pressure
  • Neck, shoulder, or back injuries
  • Headache
  • Heart conditions
  • Glaucoma
  • Ear infections

HOW TO

  1. Kneel on the floor. Clasp your elbows with opposite hands and place them on the ground in front of you.
  2. Keep your elbows where they are, but release your hands and bring them forward so your forearms are parallel to one another, palms facing down.
  3. Curl your toes under and straighten your legs. Walk your feet toward you until your hips are over your shoulders.
  4. Gaze slightly forward and draw your shoulders upward. Lift your right leg to the sky. Then bend your left knee slightly and push off the floor to lift your left leg toward the sky.
  5. Balance in the pose for several breaths. Exhale and carefully lower both feet to the floor.

MODIFY OR REPLACE

Alternatives:

Modifications:

  • Loop a strap around the upper arms to keep the elbows close together.

SEQUENCING TIPS

Before:

  • Cow Face pose (Gomukhasana)
  • Bow pose (Dhanurasana)
  • Dolphin Plank pose

After:

  • Child’s pose (Balasana)
  • Downward-Facing Dog (Adho Mukha Svanasana)

TEACHING CUES

  • Fix your gaze at a point ahead of you to balance.
  • Draw your shoulders upward.
  • Draw your belly toward your spine.
  • Reach your tailbone toward your heels.

VARIATIONS

  • Bend your knees and draw your toes toward the crown of your head for Scorpion pose (Vrschikasana).

WATCH OUT FOR

  • Overarching of the back
  • Shoulders collapsing
  • Gaze downward rather than slightly forward

Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on:
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Bottle gourd dosa recipe

Bottle Gourd Dosa Recipe

Bottle gourd or lauki is a vegetable belongs to cucumber family. It is a source of vitamin C, Vitamin B, calcium and potassium. It serves no calories and hence it can be included in weight loss diet. It’s juice is good for diabetic condition. Many dishes can be prepared including bottle gourd in recipes. Bottle gourd dosa is similar to cucumber dosa, a way to consume bottle gourd and make dosa bit more tasty.

Other benefits of bottle gourd: During summer bottle gourd helps to keep body cool, and it is good for digestion, best remedy for urinary tract infections and it is an excellent vegetable for heart conditions.

Ingredients:

1.       Rice – 1.5 cups

2.       Bottle gourd -One

3.       Fenugreek seeds -1 tsp

4.       Salt – as per taste

5.       Grated coconut -1/4 cup

6.       Cumin seeds – 1 tsp

 

Method:

1.       Wash and soak rice and fenugreek seeds overnight.

2.       Wash and remove the skin of bottle gourd. Taste a piece as sometimes cucumber family members exhibit bitter taste. If taste is not bitter then use center portion of bottle gourd with tender seeds for preparing dosa. Rest of the portion you can cut into small pieces to make curry or sambaar.

3.       Morning grind soaked mix. Add bottle gourd center portion with tender seeds into the mix, add salt and finish grinding. Batter consistency should be like dosa flour. *Option- you can spice it up by adding one or two green chilies!

4.       Add cumin seeds and mix the batter. Now batter is ready for preparing dosa. Further there is no need to ferment the batter. 

5.       Place doas pan/tava on medium heat, apply oil on the tava

6.       Pour a laddle of dosa batter on tava and spread evenly.

7.       Cook both sides to light golden brown.

8.       Serve hot dosa with sambar, coconut chutney or chutni powder.

Image credit: Salim_Khandoker, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons & https://in.pinterest.com/pin/319755642301017939/


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: July 26, 2022
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Monkeypox symptoms

Monkeypox Outbreak – Symptoms And Treatment

Monkeypox an extremely rare disease is spreading around the world. So far more than 250 cases are reported from 16 different countries. The diseases spreads with close and prolonged contact with an infected person.

According to Rosamund Lewis, Head of the Smallpox secretariat of WHO emergencies Program, ‘the countries that are reporting the monkeypox now are those countries that do not normally have monkeypox outbreaks’. The emerging disease Monkeypox is endemic to tropical rainforests in west and Central Africa, but now it is increasingly seen spreading in urban areas too as per WHO. Monkeypox is endemic to Benin, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo (both Democratic and Republic), Gabon, Ghana (in animals only) Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and South Sudan.

This year the first case of monkeypox in US reported in Massachusetts when a patient hospitalized with symptoms. According to CDC, in 2021 two passengers traveling from Nigeria to US were diagnosed with monkeypox. In UK monkeypox was reported in people who did not travel or did not had contact with those who had monkeypox.  Since May 13th of this year cases of monkeypox have been reported to WHO from its 12 member states are not endemic to monkeypox virus.

Cases of monkeypox in non endemic countries reported to WHO between 13th to 21st May are:

Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK and USA.

Reported cases so far have not established travel links to an endemic area where the monkeypox originated. Cases have mainly been identified (but not exclusively) amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) seeking care in primary care and sexual health clinics. PCR test have identified samples as being infected with West African Clade.

Epidemiology of Monkeypox: It is a virus  or viral zoonosis ( virus transmitted to humans by animals) with symptoms similar to smallpox. However it is less severe. Virus belongs to Orthopoxvirus genus of the Poxviridae family. The name monkeypox originates from the initial discovery of the virus in monkeys in Danish Laboratory in 1958. It was first identified in a child in Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970.

Transmission: Monkeypox virus is transmitted from one person to another by close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and materials that are contaminated by infectious person. Incubation period is +6 to 13 days and range from 5 to 21 days (WHO).

People who have compromised immune system or those individuals who have suppressed immune systems are susceptible to the virus. This include children, pregnant women, cancer and patients with other serious conditions.

Between West African clade and Congo Basin clade – West African clade appears to cause less severe disease. Fatality rate in case of West African clade is reported so far is, 3.6% vs. 10.6% in Congo Basin clade.

Symptoms:

  1. Headache
  2. Acute onset of fever (above 38.6C)
  3. Swollen lymph nodes
  4. Myalgia or body aches
  5. Back pain
  6. Asthenia
  7. And acute rash: Rashes are hard to miss, it starts as macules which are flat lesions. Later it forms a firm nodule which becomes a blister and pustule that contains pus and it scabs over.

People may be contagious at the early signs of fever and stay infectious through the rash until the skin scabs and heals over (ucdavis.edu)

There is a misconception that monkeypox is related to Covid-19. No, monkeypox is not related to Covid-19 and it is related to smallpox.

Treatments:
According to WHO, Vaccines used during the smallpox eradication programme also provided protection against monkeypox. Newer vaccines have been developed of which one has been approved for prevention of monkeypox.

Smallpox vaccine has some cross protection against monkeypox. If the vaccine is given within four days of exposure it protects the person about 85% of the time. Vaccine is effective and makes the disease less severe. Other treatments include, antivirals and immunoglobulins that helps to treat the symptoms.

If you think you are exposed to monkeypox contact your health care provider.

Note from World Health Organization about Monkeypox:

Prevention – Someone who has direct contact with an infected person, including sexual contact can get monkeypox. Steps for self-protection include avoiding skin to skin or face to face contact with anyone who has symptoms, practicing safer sex, keeping hands clean with water and soap or alcohol-based hand rub, and maintaining respiratory etiquette.

Detection and care – If people develop a rash, accompanied by fever or a feeling of discomfort or illness, they should contact their health care provider and get tested for monkeypox. If someone is suspected or confirmed as having monkeypox, they should isolate until the scabs have fallen off and abstain from sex, including oral sex. During this period, patients can get supportive treatment to ease monkeypox symptoms. Anyone caring for a person sick with monkeypox should use appropriate personal protective measures, including wearing a mask, and cleaning objects, & surfaces that have been touched.

Reporting – Any rash-like illness during travel or upon return should be immediately reported to a health professional, including information about all recent travel, sexual history and smallpox immunization history. Residents and travellers to monkeypox-endemic countries should avoid contact with sick mammals such as rodents, marsupials, non-human primates (dead or alive) that could harbour monkeypox virus and should refrain from eating or handling wild game (bush meat).

Image credit: https://health.ucdavis.edu/

References:

https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/2022-DON385

www.cnn.com

https://health.ucdavis.edu/

https://www.cdc.gov/


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on:
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