All posts by Sumana Rao

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Belching symptoms and cure

Belching symptoms and cure

Belching is nothing but passing gas which is common in humans. If one has excessive belching with bloating, distention and pain then it can be due to serious problem of health.

If interferes with your daily activities and if you see blooded stool, severe pain that means you need to see your doctor and need medical attention.

Belching or burping is phenomenon of expelling excess air from upper digestive tract. It is caused by swallowing excess air. Air accumulates in esophagus.

 Causes for excessive belching and burping

1. Eating or drinking too quickly can cause one to swallow too much  air. This excess air need to be released and belching and burping is one solution for the body to release excess air.

  1. It can also be a sign of digestive conditions that need physician attention. It also can be due to dlayed gastric emptying and due to peptic ulcer.
  2. In some cases gallstones and gallblaer problem can cause burping, belching.

Flatulence is the accumulation or buildup of gas in the intestine. It is typically caused by digestion or fermentation of undigested food – especially high fiber and certain sugars by bacteria that is found in colon. Digestive disorder, constipation, poor absorption of carbohydrates, change in bacteria in small intestine, food residue in the color are all the reasons for flatulence and burping.

When to see doctor?

If the burping is persistent and accompanied by nausea, bloody stools, weight loss, fever and pain one should consult doctor to act.

How to prevent belching and burping?

  1. Eat and drink slowly
  2. While chewing food, avoid talking
  3. Avoid hard candies.
  4. Cut down on carbonated drinks and also beer – these drinks release carbond dioxide that worsens sytmptioms of belching
  5. Stop smoking, as smoking results in excessive air inside the body
  6. Dentures should be well fitted – check them
  7. While drinking avoid straw, instead directly drink from glass
  8. Avoid chewing gum
  9. Keep moving – short walk or 30 minutes’ walk after eating helps to reduce burping.

To avoid flatulence :

  • Eliminate certain food in your daily diet – beans, lentils, cabbage, broccoli, mushroom, beer and carbonated drinks to name a few. Try removing one food at a time and see changes in health.
  • Eat few fatty food and eat slowly
  • Temporarily cut back on high fiber food as they are great source of gas.
  • Read labels when you buy packed food. Certain indigestible carbohydrate in sugar free foods like sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol may increase gas production.

Symptoms of belching and burping can be embarrassing. But, embarrassment should not keep you away from taking precautions and acting on it. If you need help see your doctor.

Image courtesy: Photo by Jarritos Mexican Soda on Unsplash

Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: June 27, 2022

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Blue tea benefits

Butterfly Pea Flower Blue Tea Benefits

There are hundreds of varieties of caffeine free herbal teas are available in the market and people also grow herbs to prepare tea at home. There are many herbs whose flowers are used for making tea like hibiscus, lavender, chamomile teas. The blue tea is also made of steeping dried flowers of a plant that belongs to the bean family.

Blue tea is not new, it has been around for centuries. Blue tea made of Butterfly Pea Plant flowers. The blue color in Clitoria ternatea steeps into the water to impart a very pleasant blue color. The popularity of these beautiful flowers increasing because the natural color can be introduced even to juice and extracted dye can be used for other culinary purposes.

Butterfly pea plant belongs to Fabaceae and grows in tropical countries. Growing butterfly flower plant is also easy, it produces beautiful and very attractive blue flowers. It is a climber and needs some support. One can grow the plant in a pot as well as directly in the soil.

What is in blue flowers that make it healthy to consume? It contains catechin EGCG- epigallocatechin gallate, flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins – all these compounds are anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting components for the human body.

Blue tea has many health benefits:

  1. Blue tea is helpful for digestion.
  2. It is recommended for weight loss particularly water weight. It is a diuretic drink that has natural ingredients. It contains catechins that increase metabolism and burns fat.
  3. It contains antioxidants and helps in the detoxifying process.
  4. It is a mood enhancer and reduces anxiety and sadness
  5. Helps to refresh the brain and keeps it energized
  6. This tea is good for diabetic conditions as it helps to regulate blood sugar levels. It means it is good for the liver.
  7. Blue tea reduces triglyceride and lowers LDL cholesterol while raising good, HDL cholesterol. It is good for cardiovascular health.
  8. Some people drink blue tea to improve vision- the presence of proanthocyanins complexes in blue tea makes it a nutritive food for enhancing clear vision.
  9. Blue tea is known to promote hair and skin health.
  10. It provides anti-aging benefits and helps to rejuvenate cells.
  11. The tea contains flavonoids that stimulate collagen production in the body and takes care of skin health.
  12. Blue tea contains anthocyanin pigment that helps the scalp and strengthens hair follicles.

How to prepare Blue tea and Blue juice?

Butterfly pea flower juice
Butterfly pea flower juice

Blue tea preparation:

The process is very simple.

  1. You can use fresh or dry Butterfly flowers.
  2. Collect and sundry Butterfly flowers. Store in an airtight container.
  3. When you want to prepare tea, boil water, and add a few dried flowers, turn off the heat and let it steep for five minutes.
  4. If you are using fresh flowers, wash flowers in running water, take the petals and add them to boiling water. Turn off the heat, let petals steep for few minutes. Strain and drink hot tea with honey or cinnamon- your choice.
  5. Strain steeped flowers and transfer hot tea to a teacup and drink with honey or a pinch of cinnamon.

Blue juice preparation:

You can use fresh or dry flowers.

  • Take drinking water, add dry butterfly flowers. Let it sit for some time. You will see the color releasing to water. Remove the flowers and add lemon juice to it. The color of the water turns from blue to purple-blue. Add sugar, cardamom powder, a pinch of salt, little ginger juice. Mix well and drink.
  • You can use fresh flower petals also for blue juice and follow the same procedure as mentioned above for using dry flowers to prepare blue juice.

Even though there are no known side effects, drinking blue tea or juice might cause nausea or diarrhea. Lactating or pregnant women should not drink blue tea or juice as a health precaution.

Blue tea is available in the market or one can grow the plants at home and collect the flowers to make tea. 

Image credits: Butterflly pea flower (Free for commercial use)

Blue juice: Pinterest images

Blue tea: : Attribution: Mx. Granger, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on:

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16 potato hacks

16 Potato hacks

Did you know, apart from eating, potatoes can come in handy for varieties of works at home? Potatoes are popular foods and one can eat them in different forms. Potatoes are major ingredients of many dishes. Potatoes can also be used for various different purposes. Here are few ways to make use of potatoes at home.

  1. To get rid of cheese from the grater, use potato. Just grate the potatoes before washing grater. It will take away cheese residue
  2. Worried about too much salt in soup? Cut one or two potato into big pieces and add into soup. Slowly boil, as potatoes pieces will absorb extra salt. Remove potato pieces using a fork before serving soup.
  3. Cut potatoes into thin slices and place slices onto affected area. This reduces itching & redness
  4. To remove rust from surfaces and cutlery – cut potato and dip the cut end in baking soda and then rub the cut end with baking soda onto the rusted area.
  5. To remove fog from car windshield, rub sliced potato all over the windshield. Fogginess goes away.
  6. Potatoes are good for glass window cleaning. Cut a raw potato and rub it all over windows and clean using a cloth. You can use potatoes to clean clear plastics like goggles.
  7. To remove a broken light bulb from socket, insert the reminder of broken bulb inside a cut potato. Hold and unscrew the rest of the socket.
  8. Potatoes are good for tarnish removal. Soak tarnished silverware in water with few cut potatoes for an hour and wash the vessel.
  9. Wash and slice potatoes. Keep slices on eyes to remove dark circles and redness
  10. Slice potatoes into half and using a knife prepare an emblem art – flower, flag, star etc – paint it and use it as stamps. Kids will like this idea!
  11. If you are into stitching dresses, then you will be familiar with pincushion. If you don’t find pincushion don’t worry. Use a potato to keep pins in place! (keep potato pincushion out of reach from others)
  12. For floral arrangements – cut a large potato into half and place flat side on bottom of the flower vase. Poke few holes on the opposite side and arrange floral stems the way you want!
  13. Do you know? Potatoes can be good hot and cold compressor. Potatoes hold temperature for longtime. If you need ice pack then, freeze few potatoes and use them. If you need hot bag, boil potatoes and use them.
  14. Potatoes are great for plants growth. Cut small holes in a potato and plant the stem of the flowering plant like geranium or rose inside the potato. Place in the soil. Once the plant sprouts transfer it to soil. You can also put potato skin shavings as manure to growing plant to boost flowering.
  15. To remove stains from your hands use potatoes. Some vegetables like berries and beets or ink stain and grass stain can leave color in hands. To remove these stains, cut a potato and rub it over palm and fingers. Wash hands.
  16. Use potato halves to remove broken glass pieces from the floor. This protects your hands.

Image credit: Pinterest boards, Pixabay

Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on:

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Moth bean chaat recipe

Quick and delicious moth bean Chat

Moth bean or matki seeds are rich source of fiber, potassium and magnesium. just like green gram moth bean also provides several health benefits. Matki is hindi name for moth bean. These are small cylindrical seeds rich in protein too. It has nutty taste and is perfect item for chaat preparation. Adding few vegetables and spices to sprouted moth bean makes it a perfect evening healthy snack.

One can also use moth bean in pulao, khichadi, curry preparations.

Moth bean chat recipe


  1. Sprouted Moth bean – 1.5 cup
  2. Tomatoes-finely chopped -1/4 cup
  3. Carrot-finely chopped -1/4 cup
  4. Onions-finely chopped -1/4 cup
  5. Cucumber-finely chopped -1/4 cup
  6. Coriander Leaves-finely chopped- 2 Tbsp
  7. Pomegranate – 2 Tbsp
  8. Lemon Juice -2 tsp
  9.  Green Chili-finely chopped- one or two
  10. Chaat Masala -1 tsp
  11. Salt
  12. Nylon Sev or boondi – for sprinkling on top of chat

Healthy Matki chaat
Healthy Matki chaat


  1. Sprout moth bean using muslin cloth or seed sprouter.
  2. Pressure cook sprouted moth bean by adding salt and enough water. Just one whistle should be enough for sprouted seeds to cook. Remove cooked sprouted seeds and allow it to cool. Remove excess water.
  3. Finely chop carrot, onion, tomato, cucumber, green chili and add to sprouted moth bean.
  4. To the above mix add chaat masala, lemon juice, chopped coriander and pomegranate.
  5. Mix well and before serving matki chaat sprinkle sev or boondi on top.   

Images: &

Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on:
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Cancer tumors vanished

Cancer Tumors Vanished! A major breakthrough; A clinical trial eliminates cancer in every patient!

A small study published in The New England Journal of Medicine involving rectal cancer patients very recently witnessed a miracle when their tumors causing cancer disappeared, totally eradicated. In this trial advanced rectal cancer patients were treated and all 12 patients took a medicine called Dostalimab and in just six months their tumors shrunk and eradicated successfully.

According to Dr. Cereck study author and oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre, New York – “What’s so remarkable here is that it eliminated the cancer. The tumors just vanished”

The trial set out to follow the study of drug Dostarlimab  with standard chemoradiotherapy and surgery in participants who did not have a clinical complete response. All 12 participants were tumor – free under MRI even after 6 months follow up.

Cancer tumor vanished research group
 Research Group MSKCC, NY

Dostalimab drug under the product name Jemperli was approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in February 2022 for the treatment of adult patients with advanced or recurrent mismatch repair – deficient endometrial cancer.

The standard treatment for advanced rectal cancer is chemotherapy, radiation followed by surgical resection of the rectum. This procedure is quite toxic. Therefore present breakthrough is important. It is an immunotherapy drug, and it works by unlocking the body’s natural system to fight cancer.  Patients in the experiment were given Dostarlimab  drug every three weeks for six months. They were all in all most same stages of cancer; it was locally progressing in the rectum but had not spread to other organs.

This treatment is an immunotherapy, and it works by unlocking the body’s natural immune system to fight cancer.  Normally when immunotherapy is used in patients with advanced disease 10 percent of patients will have shrunken tumor but here it is 100 per cent which is really the most striking part of the treatment. This kind of therapy works in specific cancer cells in colorectal that are mismatch repair-deficient, so they lack a gene that enables them to repair their DNA. Mismatch repair deficient cells have usually a series of mutations that can lead to cancer and that the immune system should try to recognize as foreign.

Some tumors express an inhibitory receptor known as the “programmed cell death protein (PD-1)“, which causes down regulation of the immune system and stops white blood cells from doing their job. The drug being tested, dostarlimab, is an anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody – which means it blocks the PD-1 receptor so an immune response can be activated. It was administered in participants with mismatch repair–deficient stage II or III rectal adenocarcinoma every three weeks over the six-month trial phase period.

“When we give immunotherapy like dostarlimab, it really just revs up the immune system so that it sees the cancer and gets rid of it.

It’s really what cancer doctors dream are made of to see response like this -Dr. Cereck

After treatment with drug Dostarlimab, all 12 rectal cancer patients were examined using MRI, PET scan, endoscopy and scans showed no tumors.  This is the first time this has happened in the history of cancer according to Dr. Luis A. Diaz J. of New York’s Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

Researchers who conducted studied the medicine told media that treatment is promising but large scale experiment is needed to determine whether it will work on larger number of patients and will it work on people if the malignancies are actually in remission.

What is next ? The future of immunotherapy.

Dr. Cercek in an interview with CNN explained that their goal is to expand the new technology as a treatment for advanced disease and also to include early stage disease as well and other forms of solid tumors and cancers that are mismatch repair deficient.

“Our goal is to replicate this in other solid tumours such as stomach cancer, pancreas cancer and bladder cancer, that are mismatch repair-deficient where they have this potential sensitivity to immunotherapy.”

“We may be able to achieve that as well in patients with stomach cancer where surgery may not be needed if they have the same type of really remarkable response.”


Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: June 9, 2022

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Stroke symptoms and treatment


Stroke is a “brain attack”. It can happen to anyone at any time. When you have a stroke, your brain isn’t getting the blood it needs. When this happens, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die. When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost. The sooner you get help, the less likely you’ll have serious, lasting problems. And the better your chance of recovery.

Types of stroke:

  1. MORRHAGIC STROKE: A brain aneurysm burst or a weakened blood vessel leak (hemorrhagic) is one of two types of stroke. While the least common of the two types of stroke it most often results in death.
  2. ISCHEMIC STROKE: A blood vessel carrying blood to the brain is blocked by a blood clot (ischemic) is one type of stroke.
  3. WHAT IS TIA? : When blood flow to part of the brain stops for a short period of time, also called transient ischemic attack (TIA), it can mimic stroke-like symptoms. These appear and last less than 24 hours before disappearing. Learn more about the signs, your risk, and TIA management.

Factors involved in stroke:

UNHEALTHY DIET AND NUTRITION: Bad eating habits increases risk of stroke. A healthy diet can help in reducing the risk of chronic diseases, improve your overall health, and help you reach or maintain a healthy weight.

  • Eat more foods from plants, such as vegetables and beans, whole grains, and nuts.
  • Eat more seafood in place of red meat, poultry, and eggs.
  • Limit the intake of sodium, solid fats, added sugars, and refined grains.
  • Reduce calories you eat and drink and increase calorie you burn through physical activity.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: No physical activity increases stroke chance. A recent study showed that people who exercise five or more times per week have a reduced stroke risk. The latest recommendations from the CDC on Physical Activity Guidelines for adults include the following:

  • Moderate Activity: 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week (brisk walking, water aerobics, bicycling) and 2 or more days a week of weight training exercises.
  • Vigorous Activity:  75 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity per week (jogging, running, swimming laps) and 2 or more days a week of weight training exercises.
  • Break it up: If you can’t fit a 30-minute activity in one time, break it up into 10-minute segments. Remember that all physical activity counts.
  • Make physical activity fun: Walk or bike with a friend, take a dance class, and try different times of the day.
  • Regular physical activity will improve your overall health and fitness, and reduce your risk for chronic diseases.

TOBACCO USE AND SMOKING: Smoking doubles the risk of stroke when compared to a nonsmoker. Smoking increases clot formation, thickens blood, and increases the amount of plaque buildup in the arteries.

ALCOHOL USE: Alcohol use has been linked to stroke in many studies. Aim to drink in moderation – no more than two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women.

Medical factors:


Uncontrollable Risk Factors

Some risk factors for stroke are simply not controllable. But knowing what they are is still important in determining your overall risk for stroke.

  1. AGE: After the age of 55, stroke risk doubles for every decade a person is alive.
  2. GENDER: Women experience more strokes each year than men, mainly because women live longer than men and stroke occurs more often at older ages.
  3. RACE AND ETHNICITY: African Americans have twice the risk of stroke, partially because they are more susceptible to high blood pressure and diabetes. Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islanders also have higher risk of stroke than Caucasians.
  4. FAMILY HISTORY: Your stroke risk increases if a family member (parent, grandparent, or sibling) has had a stroke or a heart attack at an early age.
  5. PREVIOUS STROKE: If someone experienced a stroke earlier they need to be extra careful with proper precautions.
  6. FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA (FMD): FM D is a medical disorder where some of the arteries that carry blood throughout the body do not develop as they should.
  7. PATENT FORAMEN OVALE (PFO): Strokes and TIAs can occur without any obvious risk factors because they are caused by a “hole” in the heart called a patent foramen ovale (PFO).
  8. TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK (TIA): TIAs are brief episodes of stroke-like symptoms that can last from a few minutes to 24 hours, but usually cause no permanent damage or disability.

F.A.S.T. is an easy way to remember the sudden signs and symptoms of stroke

F: Face Drooping – Does one side of the face droop or is it numb? Ask the person to smile. Is the person’s smile uneven?

A: Arm Weakness – Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

S:Speech Difficulty – Is speech slurred? Is the person unable to speak or hard to understand? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence, like “The sky is blue.” Is the sentence repeated correctly?

T:Time to call Emergency – If someone shows any of these symptoms, even if the symptoms go away, call emergency and get the person to the hospital immediately. Check the time so you’ll know when the first symptoms appeared.

Beyond F.A.S.T. – Other Symptoms You Should Know

  • Sudden NUMBNESS or weakness of face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden CONFUSION, trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • Sudden TROUBLE SEEING in one or both eyes
  • Sudden TROUBLE WALKING, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden SEVERE HEADACHE with no known cause

If someone shows any of these symptoms, immediately call emergency medical services

Get more information about stroke here:

  • Image credit: Image credit:

Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: June 8, 2022
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