What are the concerns and effect of Mycotoxins
After consumption of contaminated foods, symptoms of consumption of mycotoxins can appear within a short time. Person can experience severe sickness. Sometimes, the effect appears after certain period or with long term effect on human body such as weakening immune system.
The diseases caused by exposure to fungal mycotoxins known as mycotoxicosis. People get exposed to mycotoxins by consuming food and through skin and by inhalation. The impact of mycotoxins depends on the toxin concentration and exposure time. It could cause respiratory problems, alteration in protein metabolism, reduction of immunity, cancer (like live cancer), gangrene, convulsions etc.
In animals acute intoxication loss of productivity, reduced weight and immunosuppression are commo feature of mycotoxicosis.
The economic impact of consuming mycotoxin includes,
- Loss of livestock and reduced livestock production
- One must dispose the entire or part of the contaminated food and feeds
- Increased health and veterinary care cost
- Mycotoxins can cause acute and chronic effect in both humans and animals depending on the susceptibility.
The most important mycotoxins that influence economy are: Aflatoxins, ergot alkaloids, ochratoxins, 3-nitropropionic acid, fumonisins, trichothecenes, and zearalenone.
Image credit: Image by account_deleted from Pixabay (cc by 0)
Author: HealthyLife | Posted on: January 25, 2021
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