Fusarium mycotoxin

Mycotoxins produced by Fusarium

Fusarium fungi produces different types of mycotoxins. The common toxins include trichothecenes namely Deoxynivalenol (DON) ), nivalenol (NIV) and T-2 and HT-2 toxins, as well as zearalenone (ZEN) and fumonisins.

Depending on type of foods for examples variety of cereal crops, species of Fusarium produce different types of toxins. Both Deoxynivalenol and zearalenone are  produces in wheat. Toxins HT-2 and T-2 are produces in oats, in maize it is fumonisins.

Fusarium toxins can cause severe symptoms in humans. This include severe and rapid skin irritation, intestinal mucosa followed by diarrhea. Suppression of immune system, infertility risk, cancer, kidney and liver damage can happen at certain level.

Image credit: Thanks to Kentucky University https://news.ca.uky.edu/sites/news.ca.uky.edu/files/

Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: January 25, 2021

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