What are the risk factors for developing a childhood cancer?
If your child is diagnosed with cancer, please keep in mind that you could not have prevented it. Unlike adult cancers, the cause of most childhood cancers is largely unknown. Pediatric cancers are not caused by lifestyle factors like smoking. In a small number of cases the causes may include:
- Genetic Syndromes: Conditions such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, neurofibromatosis, and Gorlin’s syndrome can increase the risk for some pediatric cancers. Roswell Park’s Clinical Genetic Service can help identify if your child or family is at risk.
- Down Syndrome: Down syndrome raises a child’s risk for leukemia.
- Exposure to High Levels of Ionizing Radiation: Being exposed to radiation from an industrial accident or radiotherapy raises the risk for cancer.
- Prior Cancer: If your child has had cancer in the past and been treated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy, it raises his or her risk for cancer.
- AIDS: Children with AIDS are at greater risk for Hodgkin lymphoma, Kaposi sarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma.
Author: Sumana Rao | Posted on: September 24, 2019