The health care professional may order one or both of the following diagnostic tests, based on the results of the medical history and physical exam:
- Urinalysis is testing of a urine sample. For the test, a nurse or technician places a strip of chemically treated paper, called a dipstick, into the urine. Patches on the dipstick change color when blood or protein is present in urine. A person does not need anesthesia for this test. The test can show if the woman has a UTI, a kidney problem, or diabetes.
- Urine Culture. A health care professional performs a urine culture by placing part of a urine sample in a tube or dish with a substance that encourages any bacteria present to grow. Identification of bacteria takes 1 to 3 days. A health care professional performs a urine culture to determine the best treatment when urinalysis indicates the woman has a UTI.
- Blood Test. A blood test can show problems with kidney function or a chemical imbalance in the body.
- Urodynamic Testing. Urodynamic testing is any procedure that looks at how well the bladder, urethra, and sphincters store and release urine.